Much like spiders, a lot of people tend to be quite terrified of scorpions. Many species of scorpion have a sting that can deliver potent venom to the intended target, and their two crab-like pincers will hurt like hell when clamped down on bare skin.
However, not all scorpions are that bad. Some scorpions make incredible pets; some people even let them wander inside of their mouths- though, it is not safe, unless you’re well familiar with the pet. .
Here are four facts about scorpions that are worth noting. .
Baby scorpions ride on their mother’s back for protection
Unlike insects, which generally deposit eggs outside their bodies, scorpions produce live babies, a practice is known as viviparity. Baby scorpions hatch out of eggs that gestate within their mother’s body and then emerge from her as fully developed infants. Some scorpions develop within a membrane, where they receive nourishment both from a yolk and from their mothers. Others develop without a layer and receive food directly from their mothers.
Once outside, the tiny newborns are helpless. So, for some security, they take up residence on top of their mother’s back. The babies remain here until their first molt takes place—usually around one week.
One of the significant facts about scorpions is that they make exciting parents. Mothers feed their little ones by crushing up small insects and feeding the small chunks to their brood. However, if food gets scarce, it always turns out tragic, the mothers often resorts to eating her young ones.
Scorpions are venomous.
A scorpion’s sting is situated at the end of its abdomen, and one undeniable fact is that it produces venom. Most species possess a sting comparable to that of a bee sting, but a few scorpion species have a venomous sting that can be so dangerous to humans.
Scorpion venom has neurotoxin, a chemical that affects the nervous system of any living thing, ultimately killing or paralyzing their prey.
The scary-looking tail of a scorpion is the fifth segment of its abdomen, curved upward, with a final section called telson at the end. The telson produces the venom; its tip is a sharp needle-like structure called the aculeus.
The Aceuleus is the scorpion’s ovipositor modified into a sting. A scorpion can control when it produces venom and how potent the poison is, depending on whether it needs to kill prey or defend itself from predators.
Scorpions glow under UV light
A scorpion’s skin absorbs ultraviolet light and reflects it as visible light. Under an ultraviolet beam, the invertebrates glow, emitting a strange bluish green color. But, baby scorpions cannot glow, because when a scorpion molts, its new cuticle is initially soft and doesn’t contain the substance that causes fluorescence.
Amazingly, scorpion fossils that are archived can still fluoresce, despite spending hundreds of millions of years embedded in rock.
Scorpions are great survivors
Scorpions are champions of survival. A scorpion can live for a full year without food, because they have book lungs, much like horseshoe crabs found in the sea and oceans.
Scorpions can stay submerged underwater for up to 48 hours and survive. They live in harsh, dry environments, and live only on the moisture they obtain from their food.