Types of Hernia and How to Treat Them

Types of Hernia and How to Treat Them

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A hernia is a lump that appears in certain parts of the body, usually when you stand up and strain the affected area. They are caused by a weakness in the muscle area that holds an organ. When an organ or fatty tissue enters the gap, it creates a lump.

Hernias are classified according to the region in which they appear, and that influences directly the diagnosis and treatment since some hernias require surgery and some are diagnosed through exams such as X-rays. You can get more detailed information at the Hernia surgery London.

Below are the types of hernias and the possible treatment for each one of them:

Inguinal Hernia :

An inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia in adults, and even more common in men due to a natural defect that may occur during birth when the testicles descend into the scrotum, through the inguinal canal.

An inguinal hernia occurs in the lower abdomen close to the pubic area. Usually in the joint of the upper thigh and the pubic area. The contents of the abdomen such as the intestine may enter the opening, causing the hernia.

A common way of treating inguinal hernia is the tension-repair method in which an incision is made in the area and the organ is pushed back into its correct place.

Incisional Hernia:

This type of hernia is caused by previous abdominal surgery, and there’s no estimated time in which it can occur. It may appear months and even years after the surgical procedure.

It usually occurs in the middle region of the abdomen since that’s usually where most abdominal surgeries happen.

It may vary in size which also means that it can vary in complexity, so the best thing to do if you think you have an incisional hernia is to talk to your doctor since this type of hernia can vary in complexity and treatment.

Femoral Hernia:

This hernia can occur in both men and women, but is more common in the latter due to childbirth and pregnancy. This hernia has this name because of the femoral canal where the intestine sac drops, causing the hernia.

Again, like most hernias, it happens due to a weakness in a muscle or tissue that allows an organ to enter the gap and create a hernia.

Umbilical Hernia:

This type of hernia is more common in newborns. It happens when the intestine enters the abdominal wall near the navel.

This type of hernia may need surgery since newborns are much more fragile than older children and adults.

Usually, the doctor decides whether the need for surgery is immediate or if it should wait for the next 6 months.

Hiatal Hernia:

This hernia is caused by the upper stomach passing through the hiatus, a region between the abdomen and the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.

This hernia is only diagnosed with the use of X-rays and the symptom is reflux of the stomach acid.

So, as you can see, each hernia happens in a different area of the body and is caused by a different tissue or organ entering a gap created by weakness of a muscle or tissue.

Some ways to prevent hernias are:

Avoid lifting heavy objects without equipment to stabilise the abdominal muscles.

A good diet to prevent becoming overweight.

Resting after surgical interventions.

Most hernias do not require surgery, only medical supervision. But the decision is always dependent on the patient’s level of discomfort and the doctor’s diagnosis.

The need for surgery will vary with the type of hernia, but the certain thing is that they require a change of lifestyle and diet to prevent further problems.

Image credit:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Inguinal_hernia#/media/File:Blausen_0560_InguinalHernia.png