Conventional cataract surgery is an effective, safe and common surgery. Its result depends greatly upon the experience and skill of the surgeon. In traditional cataract surgery, a hand-held blade that is made of diamond or metal is used to make an incision where the sclera and cornea meet. The cataract can be broken up and removed by the surgeon before inserting an intraocular lens.
Laser-assisted cataract surgery makes use of a femtosecond laser to precisely and accurately remove cataracts, to replace the use of handmade incisions. A particular surgical plan will be fashioned by the surgeon using optical coherence tomography, a 3D image of the eye. Such procedure has been successfully done for the past years.
Advantages of Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery
There are a lot of benefits of using femtosecond laser rather than traditional, manual cataract surgery. Here are the benefits of this innovative procedure.
- Accurate- Laser-assisted cataract surgery offers a new sophistication level to prepare the eye for surgery and perform the procedure itself. 3D measurements and computerized mapping offer exact specifications to allow the procedure to achieve precise outcomes. During the surgery, real-time visualization helps in guiding the surgeon to make lens replacement accurate.
- Bladeless-Laser-assisted cataract surgery is an invasive procedure and provides computer-guided control when making incisions and breaking up the cataract. Such technology offers effective and efficient treatment for cataracts without the use of a conventional blade. Lasers provide a new accuracy level to quickly restore ideal vision.
- Customizable- The eye is unique to a person and cataract surgery assisted by laser designs a plan specific to his eye map. Computerized planning eliminates any guesswork from the procedure delivering meticulous results. The eye will be scanned thoroughly for measurements and the data is translated into personalized, restorative plan which is custom-built for him. Also, the surgery has individualized capabilities to treat astigmatism.
What Happens Before the Surgery
The surgeon will take into account the eye’s anatomy and evaluate the pupil diameter, thickness of the cornea and lens as well as the anterior chamber depth. Also, he will review the current medications taken by the patient and advise him of any changes which must be made prior to or following the surgery.
During the Surgery
The eye should be docked into the laser platform in order to stabilize it. Visualization, that includes 3D, wide-field and high resolution imaging, will follow. As the laser procedure is ready to start, the laser will be initiated by the surgeon to create the incisions. The laser will soften the cataract and then breaks the lens into small pieces.
After the Surgery
Often, recover following cataract surgery is quite quick and the majority of patients will experience clearer vision within 24 hours of the operation. Some symptoms that are common after the surgery include mild discomfort, itching, sensitivity to light and touch as well as fluid discharge.